In another case, the visa application resulting from the Schengen agreements corresponds to any visa procedure. You apply, send your passport and then receive a stamp if you are approved. However, they must meet certain criteria and requirements in order to qualify for a visa under the Schengen Agreement. One of the most remarkable requirements is Schengen visa insurance.  Schengen Information System (SIS), European Commission, Home Affairs, ec.europa.eu/dgs/home-affairs/what-we-do/policies/borders-and-visas/schengen-information-system/index_en.htm (last updated 31 August 2012). The Schengen Agreement includes two separate agreements that were ratified in 1985 and 1990 respectively. Between them, they abolished border controls and greatly facilitated transit through Europe. The two individual agreements stipulate:  The Schengen area and cooperation, Europe, europa.eu/legislation_summaries/justice_freedom_security/ free_movement_of_persons_asylum_immigration/l33020_en.htm (the last visit took place on 6 March 2013). See also Schengen, Borders – Visas, European Commission, ec.europa.eu/dgs/home-affairs/what-we-do/policies/borders-and-visas/index_en.htm (last updated 29 November 2012).  Anna Sonny, Comment, Schengen Conflict Continues, Civitas (Institute for the Study of Civil Society) (February 8, 2013), civitas.org.uk/newblog/2013/02/schengen-dispute-continues/. It takes its name from the City of Schengen in Luxembourg, where the agreement was signed in 1985.
It came into force in 1995. This means that Schengen Member States that were not part of the EU have few formally binding options to influence the development and development of Schengen rules; their options are effectively reduced to approval or exit from the agreement. However, consultations are being held with the countries concerned prior to the adoption of certain new provisions.  Commission report to the European Parliament and Council, second semi-annual report on the functioning of the Schengen area, 1 May 2012 – 31 October 2012, 3 G.A. (2012) 686 final er1/23/1012 ec.europa.eu/dgs/home-affairs/what-is-new/news/pdf/2_en_act_part1_v7_schengen.pdf. The two Schengen agreements have been a major step forward for transport in Europe. Queues would often be one kilometre long and wait for border patrols to sign them, but the agreements helped to stop them.